Suffering from sunusitis? Facts, risk factors, symptoms, causes and treatment. Be prepared with home remedies for sinus infection and more.
So what is sinusitis? Who is most likely to be affected? What causes it? How do you recognise the symptoms? And what treatment options can you take to resolve it?
Some quick facts on sinusitis
Sinusitis is a common inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, the cavities that produce mucus necessary for nasal passages to work effectively.
It can be acute or chronic, and it can be caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, allergies, or even an autoimmune reaction.
Acute sinusitis is mostly caused by the common cold. It is a very common condition affecting almost everyone at some point in their lives.
A simple case of acute sinusitis usually gets resolved with home remedies within a span of a week to ten days. However, sinusitis that lasts more than 12 weeks despite medical treatment is called chronic sinusitis.
So what causes it to occur in the first place?
Sinusitis can stem from various factors, but it always results from fluid becoming trapped in the sinuses. This fuels the growth of germs.
How do I identify the symptoms?
Generally, symptoms vary, depending on the length and severity of the infection.
If a patient has two or more of the following symptoms -- thick, green or yellow nasal discharge, they may be diagnosed with acute sinusitis.
However, in more advanced cases, the following symptoms may also be present such as:
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If these symptoms continue for 12 weeks or longer, the doctor may then diagnose it as chronic sinusitis.
What puts me at risk?
The following may increase a person's chance of developing sinusitis:
The septum is the bone and cartilage that divides the nose into two nostrils. When this is bent to one side, either through injury or growth, it can lead to repeated infections and inflammation.
Are there different types of sinusitis?
Sinusitis always involves nasal swelling and a buildup of mucus, but there are different types, and they can last for different lengths of time.
The different types are:
Hence, recovery time and treatment depend on the type of sinusitis.
What are the tell-tale signs in order to diagnose the symptoms?
At first, your doctor would check for tenderness around the nose and forehead. This is usually enough to make a diagnosis.
Some of the investigations that your doctor may advise includes:
What's the treatment for sinusitis?
Luckily, most acute cases will resolve without treatment. However, sinusitis can get uncomfortable, so people often use home remedies and over-the-counter (OTC) medications to relieve symptoms. These include:
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What happens if I ignore my symptoms and avoid taking any treatment? Would that complicate?
Good news is that complications associated with acute sinusitis are very uncommon. However, recurrent attacks of acute sinusitis may lead to:
I don't have sinusitis! How can I keep it at bay?
Additionally, here are a few lifestyle modifications you can make during an episode of acute sinusitis:
Article by Dr. Anchal Pandey, D.N.B (Family Medicine)
Consultant Physician - CallHealth
Have a question? Consult Doctor Anchal online.