Hair Loss in Men and Women: Symptoms, Prevention, Causes and Treatment

August 27, 2019

Hair Loss is one of the major problems faced by men and women. Most of the cases are triggered by heredity, changes in hormones, medical state of the body or new medications. Although both genders face the issue, it is more prevalent among men.

The terms 'Baldness' refers to extreme hair loss from the scalp. Hair loss due to heredity mostly occurs with age. Affected men usually let the cycle takes its natural course while some seek professional or cosmetic help to cover the bald patch. Like other conditions, hair loss also comes with symptoms that can be noted in the beginning to initiate treatment before it enters mature stages.

Symptoms of Hair Loss

The Hair loss pattern can start in different manners, as per the cause behind it. The pattern may show up suddenly or gradually and either affect the entire body or just the scalp. In most of the cases, especially in men, the loss is limited to the scalp. However, in some cases, the damage affects the entire body and results in hair loss from the whole body, including chest, arms, legs and more. Besides, some types of hair loss are temporary in nature, while some are permanent.

Regardless of the type, here are the symptoms and signs for hair loss that you should watch out for:

Hair Loss in Men

  1. Thinning of hair on top of the head: This counts as the most common sign of hair loss, which shows up in both men and women as they advance in age. For men, it typically begins from the forehead, forming an M pattern. For women, it does not show up on the forehead but in the middle of the head. The scalp becomes more visible in the middle, suggesting the thinning of hair in that region.
  2. Bald Spots: Many of the affected people experience small bald spots, which usually makes the scalp more visible. Often visible in circular or patchy shape, these bald spots are an early symptom of the beginning of hair loss process. In some cases, the hair loss also reaches eyebrows and beard. Many also experience itchy or painful scalp before the hair fall begins.
  3. Hair Loosening: In some cases, a physical or mental condition also triggers hair loss. It causes the loosening of hair and affected ones may experience coming out of hair while combing or shampooing. However, this type of hair fall usually causes thinning of hair and not baldness. But could be an early sign of impending hair loss.
  4. Ring WormAlert: In some cases, the affected party also experiences patches of scaling that appears over the scalp. Such a condition is a symptom of ringworm. It also causes broken hair, rednessand swelling.

Consult a Trichologist

Hair Loss in Men and Women: Causes

Hair Loss in Women

  1. Genetics: In both male-pattern and female-pattern baldness, hereditary or genetics play a pivotal role. It usually comes into play with age. For men, it appears as a receding hairline and bald spots while in females, it results in thinning of hair.
  2. Change inHormones: Permanent or temporary hair loss in women often occurs due to pregnancy, menopause, or thyroid issues. Besides, medical conditions like Alopecia Areata also causes loss of hair.
  3. Medications: In some cases, change in medications also results in hair loss as the side effect.
  4. Stress:It acts as a contributing factor to the hair loss in both men and women. Many experience sudden hair loss when they go through a traumatic phase.
  5. Hairstyles andTreatments: For both men and women, trying out different hair products and styles could also result in hair loss. Treatments like Hot Oil can also contribute to hair fall as it may cause inflammation in hair follicles.

Hair Loss in Men and Women: Preventions

Mostly, the cause of baldness is genetics. Such hair loss is not preventable but can be controlled to some extent or covered up using cosmetics. For other cases, some preventions can be followed to stop the process:

  • Refrain from tight hairstyles such as braids, messy buns, ponytails
  • Avoid twisting or pulling of hair
  • Use mild hair products and be gentle when combing
  • Disengage from using appliances like straighteners, dryers, or rollers
  • Avoid medications that trigger hair loss
  • Stop smoking as some researches attribute it as the cause of baldness in men

Hair Loss in Men and Women: Consult a Doctor

If hair loss is affecting you personally or causing any physical deficiency, then you should consult a doctor. Discuss your symptoms openly with the doctor, especially if you have noticed a sudden patch or experiences more hair fall when combing. Sudden hair loss can also be attributed to an untreated medical condition, which makes it worthy of being discussed with a doctor.

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Inputs by Dr. Kranthi Kumar

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