Find out how to deal with diarrhea while travelling abroad. Check out this blog to learn risk factors, and prevention tips to avoid diarrhea as well as cure it.
To travel is to experience new people, cultures and climates. But a destination with the climate and sanitary practices different from your place can easily cause diseases. A common stomach and intestinal infection is the Traveller's Diarrhea. It usually causes loose stools and abdominal cramps.
It is common to get a travellers diarrhea if you are visiting Asian countries, African countries, Mexico, South America, Central America and the Middle East.
1. Who is at risk to the Travelers Diarrhea?
Apart from the places mentioned above, certain people also stand at risk to this condition. These include:
2. What are the symptoms?
Like the name suggests, it starts with multiple loose stools in a day. The patient feels constant abdominal pain and cramps along with nausea and vomiting. It can quickly raise a fever too.
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3.How is it diagnosed?
A detailed history is usually sufficient to diagnose a Travelers Diarrhea. Tests include a routine stool examination to check for parasites. Stool culture and a complete blood picture may also be advised.
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4. How to prevent the Travellers Diarrhea?
Clean sanitary habits and some precautions can keep the Diarrhea at bay. Following these measures can significantly reduce the risk:
5. What to keep in mind if you have the Travelers Diarrhea?
Milder cases do not require any specific medications and can be managed with home remedies. If the symptoms persist for more than two days, consult a doctor immediately.
6. What is the treatment for it?
Your doctor may advise the following medications if you have uncontrolled diarrhea.
7. Can the Travelers Diarrhea lead to more complications?
The most significant complication of any diarrhea is dehydration. If left untreated, especially in children and the elderly, it can be life-threatening. In such a case, a prompt correction with intravenous fluids is essential.
If you notice the following signs go for immediate medical attention in adults.
If you notice these signs in your child, take him/her to a doctor immediately.
Diarrhea while travelling can spoil all the excitement. While the condition is discomforting; simple measures can keep you safe. Watch what you eat and keep your hands sanitized to enjoy a healthy vacation.
Article by Dr. Sunil Bandi, M.B.B.S,
Consultant Physician, CallHealth
Have a Question? Consult Dr. Sunil Online.